03 Aug 2016

 

သင္သည္ အလြန္အမင္း ခ်စ္တတ္သူ ျဖစ္ပါသလား။ ဒါဆိုရင္ ေၾကာင္ကို ကိုင္ျပီးတုိင္း ပြတ္သပ္ျပီးတိုင္း လက္ကို စင္ၾကယ္စြာ ေဆးရန္လိုအပ္ပါသည္။ ေအာက္ပါေရာဂါမ်ားသည္ ေၾကာင္မွတဆင့္လူကို ျဖစ္ေစေသာ ေရာဂါမ်ား ျဖစ္ပါသည္။

၁။ Campylobacteriosis
Campylobacter ေရာဂါပိုးေၾကာင့္ ျဖစ္ေသာ ေရာဂါျဖစ္ျပီး အူလမ္းေၾကာင္းတြင္ အျဖစ္မ်ားသည္။ ဒီပိုးကုိ တိရစာၦန္မ်ား၏ မစင္တြင္ အေတြ႕မ်ားျပီး မသန္႔ရွင္းေသာ အစားအစာအခ်ိဳ႕တြင္လည္း ေတြ႕ရပါသည္။ အေတြ႕မ်ားေသာ ေရာဂါလကၡဏာမ်ားမွာ ဗိုက္ေအာင့္ျခင္း၊ ေအာ့အန္ျခင္း၊ မၾကာခဏအန္ျခင္သလိုျဖစ္ျခင္း၊ ၀မ္းေလွ်ာျခင္း စသည္တို႔ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။

၂။ ေၾကာင္ကုတ္ျခင္းေၾကာင့္ ျဖစ္ေသာ ေရာဂါ (Cat scratch disease)

Bartonella henselae ေၾကာင့္ ျဖစ္ျပီး အျဖစ္အမ်ားဆံုး ေရာဂါျဖစ္ပါသည္။ အထူးသျဖင့္ ေၾကာင္ကေလးေလးမ်ားထံမွ ကုတ္ျခစ္ခံရျခင္းေၾကာင့္ အလြယ္တကူ အျဖစ္မ်ားပါသည္။ ေၾကာင္မ်ားတြင္ fleas ဟုေခၚေသာ မႊားေကာင္မ်ားမွ တဆင့္ တစ္ေကာင္ႏွင့္တစ္ေကာင္ ကူးစက္ျပီး ၄င္းသည္ ေၾကာင္မ်ားအတြက္ ေဘးဥပဒ္ေရာဂါ မျဖစ္ေစပါ။ ေရာဂါ လကၡဏာမ်ားမွာ အစာမစားခ်င္ျခင္း၊ ေမာပန္ျခင္း၊ ေခါင္းကိုက္ျခင္း၊ ခႏၶာကိုယ္ရွိ ေသြးျပန္ရည္ေၾကာမ်ား ေရာင္ယမ္းျခင္း စသည္မ်ား ျဖစ္ႏုိင္ပါသည္။ 

၃။ Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidium parvum ဟုေခၚေသာ အလြန္ေသးငယ္သည့္ ကပ္ပါးေကာင္မ်ားေၾကာင့္ ျဖစ္ေသာေရာဂါျဖစ္ျပီး လူႏွင့္တျခားတိရစာၦန္မ်ားကုိ ၄င္းတို႔ဥေသာ ဥမွတဆင့္ ကူးစက္ေစႏုိင္ပါသည္။ ထုိအေကာင္ဥမ်ားသည္ စိုထိုင္းေသာ ပတ္၀န္းက်င္တြင္ ႏွစ္လမွ ေျခာက္လအထိ အသက္ရွင္ေနထုိင္ႏုိင္ျပီး ေရကန္၊ စမ္းေခ်ာင္း စသည္မ်ားတြင္ အေျမာက္အမ်ား ေတြ႕ရွိရပါသည္။ ထုိပိုးမ်ားသည္ မ်ားေသာအားျဖင့္ ပါးစပ္မွတဆင့္ ကူးစက္ပါသည္။ မသန္႔ရွင္းေသာ အစားအစာမ်ား၊ ေရမ်ားေသာက္သံုးျခင္း၊ ပိုးမိေနေသာ တိရစာၦန္မ်ားမွတဆင့္လည္း ကူးစက္ႏုိင္ပါသည္။ ထုိသုိ႔ျဖစ္လွ်င္ ၀မ္းပ်က္၀မ္းေလွ်ာေရာဂါ၊ ဗိုက္ေအာင့္ျခင္း စသည္မ်ား ျဖစ္ေပၚႏုိင္ပါသည္။ ထုိကဲ့သုိ႔ ခဏခဏျဖစ္လွ်င္ လူခႏၶာကုိယ္၏ ခုခံအားစနစ္ေလ်ာ့နည္းျပီး အလြယ္တကူ ေရာဂါျဖစ္လြယ္ပါသည္။

၄။ Dipylidium Infection
၄င္းသည္လည္း Dipylidium ဟုေခၚေသာ ကပ္ပါးေကာင္ေၾကာင့္ ျဖစ္ျပီး ေရာဂါလကၡဏာမ်ားသည္ အထက္ပါ Cryptosporidiosis ေၾကာင့္ျဖစ္ေသာ လကၡဏာမ်ားႏွင့္ဆင္တူသည္။

၅။ ပလိပ္ေရာဂါ
ပလိပ္ေရာဂါသည္ Yersinia pestis ဟုေခၚေသာ ပိုးမႊားမွတဆင့္ အလြယ္တကူ ကူးစက္ပါသည္။ ထုိသုိ႔ေရာဂါပိုး ကူးစက္လွ်င္ ခႏၶာကိုယ္ရွိ အရည္ gland မ်ား ေရာင္ယမ္းလာျပီး နာက်င္ကိုက္ခဲျခင္း၊ ျပည္တည္ျခင္း စသည္မ်ား ျဖစ္ေပၚပါသည္။ ၄င္း ေရာဂါသည္ ေခြး၊ေၾကာင္ႏွင့္ ၾကြက္မွတဆင့္လည္း ကူးစက္ႏုိင္ပါသည္။ ပလိပ္ေရာဂါကို ယခုအခါတြင္ ပဋိဇီ၀ပိုးသတ္ေဆးမ်ားျဖင့္ ကုသႏုိင္ပါသည္။

၆။ ေခြးရူးျပန္ေရာဂါ (Rabies)
ျမန္မာလိုသာ ေခြးရူးျပန္ေရာဂါဟုေခၚေသာ္လည္း ေၾကာင္မ်ားတြင္လည္း ျဖစ္ႏုိင္သလို  ၄င္းတို႔မွတဆင့္ လူကို ကူးစက္ႏုိင္ပါသည္။ ေရာဂါလကၡဏာမ်ားတြင္ စိုးရိမ္စိတ္အလြန္မ်ားျခင္း၊ စိတ္ရႈတ္ေထြးျခင္း၊ ဖ်ားျခင္း၊ အလြန္အမင္း ကဏာမျငိမ္ျဖစ္ျခင္း၊ ေရေသာက္ရန္ပင္ခက္ခဲျခင္း၊ လည္ပင္းအလြန္အမင္း နာက်င္ျခင္း၊ တံေတြးအလြန္အမင္းထြက္ျခင္း၊ စိတ္ထင္ေယာင္ထင္မွားျဖစ္ျခင္းႏွင့္ ကိုယ္တစ္ျခမ္းအေၾကာေသျခင္း စသည္တုိ႔ျဖစ္ေစႏုိင္ပါသည္။ 

၇။ ေပြးေရာဂါ (Ringworm )
မိႈေရာဂါတစ္မ်ိဳးျဖစ္ျပီး လူ၏အေရျပားမ်ားတြင္ ယားယံျခင္း၊ အနီေရာင္ အ၀ိုင္းကြက္မ်ား ျဖစ္ေပၚျခင္း စသည္မ်ား ျဖစ္ေစပါသည္။ ၄င္းသည္ လူ႔အေရျပားႏွင့္ တိရစာၦန္တို႔၏ အေမြးအမွ်င္ ထိေတြ႕ရံုျဖင့္ တိုက္ရိုက္ကူးစက္ႏုိင္ပါသည္။ ထုိမိႈမ်ားသည္ ေကာ္ေဇာ၊ အိပ္ယာခင္း ၊ အိမ္အသံုးေဆာင္ပစၥည္းမ်ားတြင္ ၾကာရွည္စြာ အသက္ရွင္ေနထိုင္နုိင္ပါသည္။ ထုိေရာဂါသည္ ဆံပင္ျဖီးေသာ ဘီးမွတဆင့္လည္း ကူးစက္ႏုိင္ပါသည္။ 

၈။ Salmonella ေၾကာင့္ျဖစ္ေသာ ေရာဂါ (Salmonellosis)
Salmonella ပိုးမ်ား အူထဲတြင္ ၀င္ေရာက္ကူးစက္ျခင္းေၾကာင့္ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ေရာဂါလကၡဏာမ်ားသည္ ေအာ့အန္ျခင္း၊ ဗိုက္ေအာက္ျခင္း၊ ၀မ္းေလွ်ာျခင္း၊ ခ်မ္းတုန္ဖ်ားျခင္း၊ ၀မ္းထဲတြင္ ေသြးပါျခင္း၊ ေခါင္းကိုက္ျခင္း၊ ဖ်ားျခင္း စသည္မ်ား အျဖစ္မ်ားပါသည္။ 

၉။ မိႈေၾကာင့္ျဖစ္ေသာ ေရာဂါတစ္မ်ိဳး သို႔မဟုတ္ Sporotrichosis
Ringworm ကဲ့သုိ႔ပင္ အမ်ိဳးအစားမတူေသာ မိႈေရာဂါေၾကာင့္ျဖစ္ျပီး ေရာဂါလကၡဏာမ်ားသည္ အၾကမ္းမ်ဥ္းအားျဖင့္ ဆင္တူပါသည္။ သုိ႔ေသာ္ ထုိမိႈေၾကာင့္ ခႏၶာကိုယ္တြင္ အဖုမ်ား ျဖစ္ေပၚလာတတ္ျပီး ပန္းေရာင္ႏွင့္ ခရမ္းေရာင္ အဖုမ်ား ျဖစ္တတ္သည္။ ၄င္းတုိ႔သည္ တစ္ခါတစ္ရံ မနာက်င္ေသာ္လည္း တစ္ခါတစ္ရံ နာက်င္သည္။ ထုိအဖုမ်ားကို မကုပဲ ၾကာၾကာထားလွ်င္ ျပည္တည္နာအထိ ျဖစ္သြားႏုိင္ပါသည္။ 

၁၀။ ငွက္ႏွင့္ႏုိ႔တိုက္တိရစာၦန္မ်ားတြင္ အျဖစ္မ်ားေသာ ေရာဂါ (Toxoplasmosis)
Toxoplasma gondi ဟုေခၚေသာ ကပ္ပါးေကာင္ေၾကာင့္ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ အထူးသျဖင့္ ကုိယ္၀န္ေဆာင္မိခင္မ်ားကို ထိခိုက္ေစပါသည္။ ဤကဲ့သုိ႔ျဖစ္လွ်င္ ကိုယ္၀န္ပ်က္က်ျခင္း၊ သေႏၶသားဖြံ႔ျဖိဳးမႈ ေႏွးေကြးျခင္း၊ သေႏၶသားေစာေမြးျခင္း၊ အေသေမြးျခင္း ၊ ဦးေႏွာက္ထဲေရအိပ္တည္ျခင္း၊ အတတ္ေရာဂါျဖစ္ျခင္း၊ စိတ္ပိုင္းအာရံုေၾကာဆိုင္ရာခ်ိဳ႕ယြင္းမႈမ်ား၊ မ်က္စိေရာဂါမ်ား ျဖစ္ေပၚႏုိင္ပါသည္။    

Diseases from cats

Campylobacteriosis
Campylobacteriosis is an infection of the intestines caused by a bacterium called Campylobacter. The bacteria is commonly found in the feces of infected animals and in food products contaminated with the bacteria during processing or preparation. Raw or undercooked chicken is one of the most common sources of human infection. Signs and symptoms include Cramping abdominal pain,Fever,Nausea and vomiting,Watery diarrhea, sometimes bloody.

Cat scratch disease (Bartonella henselae infection)

Cat scratch disease is a bacterial disease caused by Bartonella henselae. Young cats and kittens are most likely to be the source of human infection. The infection, which does not cause disease in cats, is transmitted between cats by fleas. Infected flea droppings on the cat's fur are the source of human infections, which are spread from the cat to a person by a cat bite, scratch or lick. Symptoms of cat scratch disease include swollen lymph nodes, fever, headache, fatigue, and loss of appetite.

Cryptosporidiosis
Cryptosporidiosis is caused by infection with a tiny parasite called Cryptosporidium parvum. The parasite produces cysts (eggs), which are passed in the stool of infected people or animals. The cysts can survive for 2 – 6 months in moist environments and are commonly found in lakes and streams. The parasite is spread by the fecal-oral route. People and animals can get infected when drinking contaminated water or eating contaminated food, or by direct contact with infected persons or animals. About 50% of dairy calves are infected and shed cysts. Infection can cause diarrhea and abdominal cramps. The disease is self-liming in healthy people, but can be prolonged and more serious in persons with weakened immune systems.

Dipylidium Infection (Dog and Cat Flea Tapeworm)
Dipylidium is tapeworm of cats and dogs. People become infected when they accidentally swallow a flea infected with tapeworm larvae; most reported cases involve children. Dipylidium infection is easily treated in humans and animals. Signs and Symptoms include abdominal pain,colic (cramping and excessive crying in infants),intestinal cramps,nausea,fever,blood in your stool,appetite loss,
itchy rash.

Plague
Plague is a serious infection of humans caused by a germ called Yersinia pestis. It is usually caused by the bite of a flea that has fed on an infected wild animal, such as a rat, chipmunk or prairie dog. It usually causes large sores and abscesses in the glands of the arms and legs. Dogs, and especially cats, can also become infected and can spread the disease to their human companions. Plague is treatable with antibiotics.

Rabies 
While nearly all human rabies in the U.S. is associated with bat strain rabies, rabies in domestic animals remains a concern. Signs and symptoms include Anxiety,Confusion, Fever,Hyperactivity ,Difficulty swallowing ,Excessive salivation, Fear of water (hydrophobia) because of the difficulty in swallowing, Hallucinations, Insomnia and Partial paralysis

Ringworm
Ringworm is a skin disease that can affect people and many kinds of animals. It is not caused by a worm at all, but rather by fungus that can grow in the skin. Ringworm on a person's head usually shows as a bald patch of scaly skin and elsewhere it can cause a red, ring-shaped rash that may be itchy. Dogs and cats, especially kittens, can have ringworm and spread it to people by direct contact with the pet's fur. Spores of the ringworm fungus can survive for a long time on carpet, furniture and other surfaces and cause infections. People can also get ringworm from other people and their personal items like combs. Ringworm causes a scaly, crusted rash that may appear as round, red patches on the skin.Other symptoms and signs of ringworm include patches of hair loss or scaling on the scalp, itching, and blister-like lesions. Ringworm is contagious and can be passed from person to person.    
Salmonellosis
Salmonellosis is a bacterial infection of the intestines caused by a group of bacteria called Salmonella. The bacteria are shed in the stool of infected animals and humans. Infection can happen when a person eats food or drinks water or milk that has been contaminated with Salmonella bacteria. Infection with Salmonella can cause serious disease especially in children younger than 5 years of age and persons with weakened immune systems. Common signs and symptoms include Nausea,Vomiting,Abdominal cramps,Diarrhea,Fever,Chills,Headache and Blood in the stool.

Sporotrichosis
An infection with a type of fungus, sporotrichosis can be spread to people from the skin of infected animals or by getting dirt into scratches and cuts. The fungus, called Sporothrix scheneckii, causes open sores in animals that can spread the disease to people. Dogs, horses and cats can become infected, but most human infections come from contact with cats, such as being scratched by an infected cat. The infection is treatable in both humans and animals. The first symptom of sporotrichosis is a firm bump (nodule) on the skin that can range in color from pink to nearly purple. The nodule is usually painless or only mildly tender. Over time, the nodule may develop an open sore (ulcer) that may drain clear fluid.    

Toxoplasmosis
Toxoplasmosis is a common disease found in birds and mammals across North America. The infection is caused by a protoza parasite called Toxoplasma gondi and affects 10 to 20 out of every 100 people in North America by the time they are adults. The concern is greatest for pregnant women because the growing fetus can become infected with the toxoplasmosis parasite. This can happen if the mother is newly infected with the parasite while pregnant or just before she becomes pregnant. Infection in the unborn child early in pregnancy can result in miscarriage, poor growth, early delivery or stillbirth. If a child is born with toxoplasmosis he/she can experience eye problems, hydrocephalus (water on the brain), convulsions or mental disabilities.

Contact

General Inquiries

Please use this email address to contact me by email.

ceomoenaymin@mmcities.com

Connect with me